By : Lieutenant General (Ret) Soedibyo*)
ZONALIMA.COM - In discussing the implementation of the involvement of TNI in the eradication of terrorism in relation to the amendment of Law No 13 of 2003 presently it was argued though the possible involvement of TNI to eradicate terrorism to be mentioned on Artc 77 Law No 34 of 2004 on TNI, it is not confusing if the involvement of TNI in eradication of terrorism it is repeated in Law No 13 of 2003 (after amended), because TNI is trained for Conventional Warfare (modern battle) and also trained for In-Conventional Battle (Intelligence and Territorial Battle).
In-Conventional Battle was derived by TNI from the Guerrilla Warfare in the Freedom Struggle against the Dutch and also the valuable experience in the anti guerilla battle against the various armed insurgencies.
The amend of Law No 13 of2003 is now still hanging in the House of Representative, but the terrorist threat has “developed” from suicide bomber to the “wolf lone wonder” using classic weapon (kitchen knife).
Coordinating Minister for Political, Human right and Security Afairs has been likely cynically commented by President Jokowi also has remembered to the national old means in struggling to protect the national integrity the “Environment Security System”.
On July 4, 2017 in a likely a special meeting among the various Ministers, Chief of Police and Chief of BIN under the coordination of the Coordinating Minister for Political, Human Right and Security Affairs to have discussed the national security situation of the country in general, especially concerning a number of security incidences which are considered as the increase of the security threat against the society.
General (Ret) Wiranto was describing the silent movement of the terrorists among the society and hiding their activities to be under the daily activities of the society and when the people are not aware to their security condition the terrorists start their action.
However if the Environment Security System is activated the presence of the terrorists who are active and hiding among the society will be easily detected by the people and urgently reported to the Security apparatus.
For that reason General (Ret) Wiranto urged the Minister of Home Affairs supported by all of Chief of Government Security Institutions to re-activate the familiar Environ Security System among the society. Functionally Minister for Home Affairs based on Government Regulation could be appointed as the eligible Ministry to coordinate the implementation.
Through this Environmental Security System all the members of the society to be reminded for their participation to report on any unknown person arises in the society to the security apparatus. Based on this report to Security apparatus can check the respective person.
In general the Environment Security System is Civilian Organization under the administration of the Chief of the Village in firm cooperation with the Police Aea Command and the Military Territorial Organization.
The Environment Security System is in fact the Security and Order organization establish by the Civilian government in firm coordination with the Police (the Staff on Peace and Order Build Up under the Police Command) and the Territorial Organization established by the Territorial Military Command.
Through this Organization the people are trained to become the Watcher of their environment. The presence of the Family Grouping in all the villages in Indonesia could be perfected this structure and its function as not just administrative Staff of the Village.
In various terrorist activities in the past it was apparently the terrorist who was captured latter by the Police are mostly some one living in the respective village but not identified clearly by the inhabitant of the village concerned.
General (Ret) Wiranto in the meeting held on July 4, 2017 had insisted the Minister of Home Affairs, the Chief of Police and Chiefof BIN to organize the people as the legal inhabitant and society of this Country to Safe their security as the Environment Watchers of the Security Apparatus.
Unfortunately the Commander of TNI or its Chief of General Staff of TNI not to be present in the meeting. Definitely the Military Territorial Command are under the Command of Comanderof TNI. Environment Security is more stressed on builingup the awareness of the society on peaceful and order based on law and applied legal, but on Security purposes the Military Territorial is taking over the problem.
The Civilian Defense Unit is under the Military Territorial Command
As addition Observer is wishing to reveal that the policy which is looked likely simple problem will be apparently needed much coordination, control and supervision.
Accordingly a new function of Inspector General in the Structure of the Coordinating Ministry for Political, Human Right and Security Affairs is needed to be founded.
This managerial problem is reminded to refer to the United States of America to handle the security precaution after the bombing of the TwinTower in NewYork in September 11 2001 until now it was founded the new Department called the Miistry of Home Security.
*) Political and Security Observer.